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Commonly Used Internet Terms

Here are some commonly used internet terms along with their definitions:

    1. Internet: A global network of interconnected computers and servers that communicate using standard protocols, enabling users to share and access information.
    2. Web Browser: Software application used to access and navigate websites on the internet (e.g., Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari).

    3. Website: A collection of related web pages located under a single domain name, accessible via the internet.
    4. URL (Uniform Resource Locator): The address used to access a specific resource on the internet (e.g.,
    5. HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol): The foundational protocol used for transmitting data on the World Wide Web. HTTP/HTTPS (HTTP Secure) ensures data is encrypted for secure communication.
    6. Domain Name: The human-readable address of a website (e.g., It corresponds to an IP address which computers use to identify each other on the network.
    7. IP Address (Internet Protocol Address): A unique string of numbers separated by periods or colons (IPv4 or IPv6) that identifies each computer using the Internet Protocol to communicate over a network.
    8. DNS (Domain Name System): The system that translates domain names into IP addresses so browsers can load internet resources.
    9. Email (Electronic Mail): A method of exchanging digital messages over the internet.
    10. Search Engine: A software system designed to carry out web searches, which means searching the World Wide Web in a systematic way for particular information specified in a textual web search query (e.g., Google, Bing).
    11. Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity): A technology that allows devices to connect to the internet wirelessly using radio waves.
    12. Bandwidth: The maximum rate of data transfer across a given path. Higher bandwidth indicates a greater capacity for data transfer.
    13. ISP (Internet Service Provider): A company that provides individuals and organizations with access to the internet.
    14. Router: A networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks, directing traffic on the internet.
    15. Firewall: A network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.
    16. Cookies: Small pieces of data sent from a website and stored on a user’s device by the web browser while the user is browsing. Cookies are used to remember information about the user.
    17. VPN (Virtual Private Network): A service that encrypts your internet connection and hides your IP address to protect your online privacy and secure your internet traffic.
    18. Malware (Malicious Software): Any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server, client, or computer network (e.g., viruses, worms, trojans).
    19. Phishing: A type of online scam where attackers impersonate legitimate organizations via email, text message, or other communication methods to steal sensitive information.
    20. Cloud Computing: The delivery of computing services—including servers, storage, databases, networking, software, and analytics—over the internet (“the cloud”) to offer faster innovation, flexible resources, and economies of scale.
    21. SSL/TLS (Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security): Protocols for establishing authenticated and encrypted links between networked computers.
    22. HTML (HyperText Markup Language): The standard markup language used to create web pages and web applications.
    23. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets): A style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in HTML or XML.
    24. JavaScript: A programming language commonly used to create interactive effects within web browsers.
    25. HTTP Status Codes: Codes returned by web servers to indicate the status of a request (e.g., 404 Not Found, 200 OK).

These terms form the foundation for understanding how the internet operates and how we interact with it.

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